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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Only original, plagiarism-free review articles are allowed to submit here. The submission should include major elements of a review article such that; Title, authors with affiliation, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Main Body with Suitable Headings, Discussion, Conclusion, Competing Interests & other declarations, References, etc. The author should consider the following for technical formatting-

File Type

  • Preferred file format is Microsoft Word (.docx, .doc, .rtf).
  • LaTeX submissions are also allowed.
  • We do not accept submissions in PDF format.

Manuscript Title
The title helps readers to decide whether they should read the article or not. It should reflect the main topic and objective of the review article.

  • The title must be concise & informative. Abbreviations, symbols, and punctuations should be avoided.
  • The title must contain key elements of the subject matter reflecting the topic & objective of the review.
  • The title may be split into “Main Title; Subtitle” (separated by semicolon) without repeating the terms as they shall appear & read together.

Authors & Affiliation
The authors shall be added in an agreed order by adhering to authorship policy.

  • Full Name (First Name, Middle Name, Last Name)
  • Highest Academic Degree and/or Current working or studying Status.
  • Working email id of each author.
  • Affiliations (Department, Institution, City, Country/Region). Please ensure that affiliations are clearly linked to the correct author.
  • Corresponding author Identification with asterisk mark (shall be same as the submitting author).

An abstract should be approximately 200-300 words to provide a brief summary of the review question being addressed, review strategy, and conclusions are drawn.

  • Unstructured Abstract with a maximum of 300 words is preferred. However, subheadings may be included if required (e.g., objective, Review Criteria, Analysis, and conclusions).
  • The abstract should not include any reference citation.
  • Acronyms and abbreviations should be included only if used more than once

Keywords: Maximum 3 most relevant keywords separated by comma (,).

The introduction section provides clear information about the context, indicates the motivation for the review, defines the focus, and explains the text structure.

  • The introduction must address the objective and outline that what you will discuss throughout the review article.
  • Introduce your topic focusing on why this topic is important. Outline the order in which you will discuss each subtopic to give the reader any background information needed to understand the coming sections.
  • The scope of a Review should be broad enough that it is not dominated by the work of a single laboratory, and particularly not by the authors' own work.
  • An introductory section without subheadings is preferred however it may be divided into relevant subheadings for better representation (if required). e.g., Background; Problem, Motivation, Objective, etc.

Review Criteria (Optional)
Systematic and best evidence reviews may require a Review Criteria section (Instead of Methods). This section enables motivated researchers to repeat the review.

  • Depending on the type of review article (e.g., in the systematic review), the author may require to mention the review criteria (instead of materials & Methods).
  • It may include the detail of how the research for the content of the review was performed. Search strategies, its inclusion/exclusion criteria with reason, geographical location, selection of databases and its justification, etc.
  • Should be written in past tense and provide information necessary to repeat the review.

Analysis (Optional)
Depending on the type of review article (e.g., in the systematic review), the author may require to mention a separate analysis section (instead of Results) to represent an analysis of reviewed papers or analysis of data acquired through reviewing of previous publications.

Main Body
The main body shall be structured by focused headings and subheadings.

  • Break it up into well-defined sections to includes the subtopics that you are addressing which can take different forms depending on your topic.
  • The article structure should contain very specific sections with suitable headings/subheadings to address all of the literature in detail, in an organized fashion with extensive Discussion & the author's own insight.
  • Each section shall provide insight into the chosen topic that moves from a general, wider view of the literature being reviewed to the specific focus of your review article.
  • Statistical significance of the review analysis and their relevance should be clearly and concisely discussed

It’s a brief summary section without subheadings & citations that answer the research question set in the introduction.

  • The authors should develop the conclusion by briefly restating the rationale for your review and the purpose of the article, then discussing the conclusions you have drawn. This section should also discuss the implications of the findings, interpretations, and identify unresolved questions based on the objective identified in the introduction section.
  • The conclusion section represents the evaluation of the current state of the reviewed articles by identifying significant flaws or gaps in existing knowledge. Outline areas for future study and write your opinions about the clarity, accuracy, and significance of the article in this paragraph. It can be helpful for further research direction.


  • Competing Interests (mandatory): A conflict of interest statement for all authors.
  • Study Limitations (optional): An assessment of whether the studies were adequate to reach a conclusion that can be applied to a much larger group, stating reasons. Suggestions for future studies can be provided.
  • Acknowledgment (Optional): Authors may express gratitude to people who helped with the literature search, the structuring of the material, or in the writing process (but whose contribution is too small to justify co-authorship). The author may also express gratitude to the funding organization and specifies the funding program (often required by funding agencies).
  • Any other necessary declaration.

The reference citation (in-text citation) and reference list shall be in a consistent style (Either in IEEE or APA Style). The author shall make sure that all cited references are included in the list and vice-versa.

  • Maximum 300 references with a limit of a maximum of 25 references/1000 words.
  • At least 50% of reference citations shall be from the last 2 years (recent references).
  • Self-citation shall be less than 20% of total citations.
  • Only papers that have been published by a named publication or recognized preprint server should be in the numbered list. Published conference abstracts, numbered patents, and research datasets may be included in the reference list.
  • Unpublished primary research data or thesis are not permitted to be cited.
  • Social media, grey literature & internet sources are usually not allowed to cite as references.
  • In the case of IEEE style, the references should be numbered sequentially throughout the text. Only one publication is given for each number and vice-versa. Organize the reference list by number in the order they were cited in the text.

Tables & Figures
All tables & Figures shall be placed at the appropriate place and explained within the text by referring to the corresponding table & figure number.

  • All tables should have a Table number & descriptive title (caption). The tables shall be drawn using the MS word table tool (table in image format is not allowed) and all cells must have an entry. All abbreviations should be defined, and a footnote just below the table is allowed.
  • All figures should have a figure number & descriptive title (caption). All figures shall be of high resolution & text within the figures shall be clearly readable without any distortion or blurry appearance. The axes title and other labels shall be clearly mentioned with applicable units.

Additional Note:
Do not use headings such as Materials & Methods, Methodology, Literature review, Related Works, Results, etc.

Review Article

Review articles should be balanced with the objective analysis of the current research topics with descriptions of relevant literature and discussions that are easy to grasp for the audience. Review articles should provide the authors' insight into major challenges in the field and their opinion for future research directions. The manuscript should not be less than 10 double-spaced typed pages and it should contain at least 50% recent reference citation from the last 2 years. Kindly follow the author guidelines for manuscript preparation.

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