Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Levels on Yield of Marvel Grass (Dichanthium-Annulatum L) in Irrigated Condition Under N-W Agro Climatic Zone


  • D. G. Patel Regional Research Station, S. D. Agricultural University, Kothara (Gujarat)
  • C. K. Patel Centre for Natural Resource Management, S. D. Agricultural University, S. K. Nagar (Gujarat) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0969-016X
  • Rabari Kiranbhai Agricultural Research Station, S. D. Agricultural University, Aseda-385535 (Gujarat) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2215-1179




The experiment was undertaken during Kharif season of 2019, 2020 and 2021 at Regional Research Station, S. D. Agricultural University, Kothara (Gujarat). The treatments comprised of three levels of nitrogen (N1: 10 kg N/ha, N2: 20 kg N/ha and N3: 30 kg N/ha) and three levels of phosphorus (P1: 0, P2: 20, P3: 40 kg P2O5/ha) was laid out in a factorial randomized block design with three replications. Effect of different nitrogen levels on Marvel green forage yield was found significant in pooled analysis. Application of 30 kg nitrogen/ha (N3) recorded significantly the highest plant height (135.68 cm), effective tillers/tussock (47.44), green and dry forage yield @ 811.18 and 347.87 q/ha, Crude fibre content (38.36 %) and Crude protein content (5.21 %), while application of phosphorus has no impact significantly on yield of marvel grass in pooled as well as individual year of analysis.


Marvel grass, Green and Dry fodder, Crude fiber, Crude protein, Nitrogen


Download data is not yet available.


R. Bhagirath.“Stability in performance of Marvel grass genotypes (Dicanthium annulatum L) under North Western arid range land”. Rang mngmt & Agroforestry. Vol.34, no.2, pp. 151-154, July 2013.

S.P. Vyas.”Comparative performance of Cenchrus setigerus geno types in arid region of Gujarat”. Indian Forester. Vol.129 no.10. pp.1222-1224.2003.

Anonymus “Crude Fiber Determination in Feed according to the modified Scharrer method”. Application note. F&F-F-001-2012/A1. https://www.velp.com/public/file/crude-fiber-determination-in-feed-206512-241759.pdf

Shah Jahan “Role of nitrogen for plant growth and development”.Advances in Environmental Biology. Vol.10, no.9, pp. 209-218, September 2016.

T. Mahmood “Effect of different levels of nitrogen fertilization and cultivars on the green fodder yield and the grain yield of oats (Avena Sativa l.)” Annals of R.S.C.B., ISSN: 1583-6258, Vol. 25, no.2, pp. 343 – 351, Jan 2021.

Y. Pravalika “Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen Application and Cutting Management on Yield, Quality and Economics of Fodder Oats (Avena sativa L.)”. Biological Forum – An International Journal, vol. 13, no.1, pp. 452-457 May 2021.

M. Ayub. “Interactive effect of different nitrogen levels and seeding rates on fodder yield and quality of pearl millet”. Pak. J. Agri. Sci., vol. 44 no.4, pp. 592-596.

S.K. Bollaveni “Effect of nitrogen levels and cutting management on green forage yield of fodder oat (Avena sativa L.)” Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. Vol.6., no.5, pp.635-637 Aug. 2017.

N.C.Paul. “Effects of plant spacing and nitrogen level on the green fodder yield of maize (Zea mays L.)”. Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science, vol.4, no. 3, pp.307-312. Sept.2019.

V. Pal,”Effect of different levels nitrogen on fodder quality and yield of Oats: A Review”. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR):8(5): D850-d852. May 2021.

M. Singh “Nitrogen Management and its Effect on Fodder Yield and Quality of Multicut Oat (Avena sativa L.) Genotypes in Tarai Region of Uttarakhand (India)". Acta Scientific Agriculture vol. 6 no. 2 Jan.2022.

[Y. Erega “Effects of Seed Rate and Nitrogen Fertilizer Rate on Growth and Biomass Yield of Oat (Avena Sativa L.)”. World J Agri & Soil Sci. Vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 2020.

V. Sharma” Effect of different varieties and nitrogen on yield and quality of oat (Avena sativa l.) International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 7, No 4, pp. 1366-1369, Aug. 2018.

C. Wang “Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on Forage Production and Nutritive Nalue of Geukdong 6, Teosinte Hybrid 〔Zea mays L. subsp. mexicana (Schrad.) H. H. Iltis” Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science vol. 40 no. 1. pp. 37-43, March. 2020. https://doi.org/10.5333/KGFS.2020.40.1.37

V. Sharma. “Effect of different varieties and nitrogen on yield and quality of oat (Avena sativa l.)” International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, vol. 7, no 4, 1366 – 1369. pp Aug. 2018.

N. Ali “Effect of Different Nitrogen Rates on Growth, Yield and Quality of Maize”. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research. vol..6 no. pp. 107-112 01 Jan.-Mar.2017.

K. Jat “Quality and economic of fodder oat (Avena sativa L.) as influnced by irrigation and nitrogen under southern Rajasthan”. Forage Res. Vol. 44 no.1, pp. 28-31, Sep. 2018.






Research Article

How to Cite

D. G. Patel, C. K. Patel, and R. Kiranbhai, “Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Levels on Yield of Marvel Grass (Dichanthium-Annulatum L) in Irrigated Condition Under N-W Agro Climatic Zone”, Int. Ann. Sci., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 16–21, Oct. 2022.