Experimental Investigation on Behaviour of Folded Plate


  • P Dhanabal Department of Structural Engineering, Government College of Engineering, Salem, Tamil Nadu https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4709-6850
  • P Narendra Reddy Department of Structural Engineering, JNTU, Anandpur, Andhra Pradesh
  • K S Sushmitha Department of Transportation Engineering and Management, Reva University, Bangalore, Karnataka




Persistence of research was towards the behaviour of folded plate. In this project, we used GGBS blended ferrocement concrete to cover a folded plate 600 mm x 1800 mm x 150 mm. Ferro cement is a building material that is emerging as an alternative for traditional RCC. According to prior research, folded plates are the most cost-effective and visually acceptable option for longer span roofs. First, we built the folded plate model in ANSYS and investigated its behaviour in terms of load versus deflection. Later, for experimental purposes, we cast a folded plate coated with GGBS mixed ferrocement concrete. The results of the experimental inquiry demonstrate that there was an improvement in flexural behaviour when compared to the traditional model. The same was verified using ANSYS findings. ANSYS analysis aids in comparing and summarising experimental data. Both the analytical and experimental inquiry results show that ferro cement structures are a good alternative to RCC since they are less costly and lighter. Because folded plates retain their effectiveness for a longer length of time when Ferro cement is utilised. Ferro cement has made the components smaller to support the load because ferro cement parts are high in stress when reinforcement is spread.


Flexural behavior, folded plates, ferro-cement applicability in folded plates


Download data is not yet available.


Somasekhar, N. Jayaramappa, and C. Venkata Sai Nagendra, “Comparative study on folded ferrocement and plain ferrocement panels subjected to axial loading,” Mater Today Proc, vol. 57, pp. 2134–2139, Jan. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MATPR.2021.11.650

J. Z. Tong et al., “Flexural tests and behavior of multi-celled corrugated-plate CFST members,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 49, p. 104051, May 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JOBE.2022.104051

C. Bi, Y. B. Wang, X. Y. Liu, and Z. L. Jiao, “Buckling analysis and experimental study of simply-supported single-corrugation steel plates subjected to compression,” Thin-Walled Structures, vol. 172, p. 108850, Mar. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TWS.2021.108850

W. Yang, Y. Yang, F. Liu, X. Wei, and Y. F. Chen, “Study on fire performance of T-shaped concrete-filled steel tubular stubs under axial compression,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 53, p. 104529, Aug. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JOBE.2022.104529

C. Yuan, C. He, J. Xu, L. Liao, and Q. Kong, “Bayesian optimization for selecting efficient machine learning regressors to determine bond-slip model of FRP-to-concrete interface,” Structures, vol. 39, pp. 351–364, May 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ISTRUC.2022.03.043

S. Sindhu Nachiar, S. Anandh, K. Swathi, and G. Pennarasi, “Optimization of thin spherical shell structure using FEM,” Mater Today Proc, vol. 68, pp. 17–25, Jan. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MATPR.2022.05.072

P. Dhanabal, K. S. Sushmitha, and P. N. Reddy, “Study on Properties of Concrete with Electronic Waste,” Revista Ingeniería de Construcción, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 48–58, Apr. 2021. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-50732021000100048

E. Watanabe, C. Machimdamrong, T. Utsunomiya, M. Kano, and T. Kadotani, “Analysis of corrugated web plates in bridge structures,” Analysis and Design of Plated Structures: Volume 1: Stability, pp. 593–634, Jan. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-823570-6.00021-5

K. Sushmitha and P. Dhanabal, “Study on Properties of Concrete with Iron Ore Tailing and Glass Waste,” Journal of Modern Materials, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 30–39, Dec. 2021. https://doi.org/10.21467/jmm.8.1.30-39

J. K. Tan, M. N. Su, Y. H. Wang, K. Wang, Y. Q. Cao, and P. Li, “Experimental study on cyclic shear performance of steel plate shear wall with different buckling restraints,” Structures, vol. 35, pp. 469–482, Jan. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ISTRUC.2021.11.021

B. Lu, W. Lu, H. Li, and W. Zheng, “Mechanical behavior of V-shaped timber folded-plate structure joints reinforced with self-tapping screws,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 45, p. 103617, Jan. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JOBE.2021.103617

K. Wang, M. N. Su, Y. H. Wang, J. K. Tan, H. bin Zhang, and J. Guo, “Behaviour of buckling-restrained steel plate shear wall with concrete-filled L-shaped built-up section tube composite frame,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 50, p. 104217, Jun. 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JOBE.2022.104217

Z. Chen, Z. Zi, T. Zhou, and Y. Wu, “Axial compression stability of thin double-steel-plate and concrete composite shear wall,” Structures, vol. 34, pp. 3866–3881, Dec. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ISTRUC.2021.09.063

M. Hammerl and B. Kromoser, “The influence of pretensioning on the load-bearing behaviour of concrete beams reinforced with carbon fibre reinforced polymers,” Compos Struct, vol. 273, p. 114265, Oct. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.COMPSTRUCT.2021.114265

T. Zhou, C. Li, Z. Chen, H. Chen, W. Guo, and P. Zhang, “Quasi static behavior of specially shaped columns composed of concrete-filled steel tube frame-double steel concrete composite walls,” J Constr Steel Res, vol. 183, p. 106730, Aug. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCSR.2021.106730

Z. Y. Wang, X. F. Zhou, Z. F. Liu, and Q. Y. Wang, “Fatigue behaviour of composite girders with concrete-filled tubular flanges and corrugated webs—experimental study,” Eng Struct, vol. 241, p. 112416, Aug. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGSTRUCT.2021.112416

M. Su, H. Peng, M. Yuan, and S. Li, “Identification of the interfacial cohesive law parameters of FRP strips externally bonded to concrete using machine learning techniques,” Eng Fract Mech, vol. 247, p. 107643, Apr. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENGFRACMECH.2021.107643

W. Merzoug, S. Chergui, and M. Cheikh Zouaoui, “The impact of reinforced concrete on the modern-day architectural heritage of Algeria,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 30, p. 101210, Jul. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JOBE.2020.101210

S. Alqawzai, K. Chen, L. Shen, M. Ding, B. Yang, and M. Elchalakani, “Behavior of octagonal concrete-filled double-skin steel tube stub columns under axial compression,” J Constr Steel Res, vol. 170, p. 106115, Jul. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCSR.2020.106115

H. Zhou, X. Zhang, X. Wang, Y. Wang, and T. Zhao, “Response of foam concrete-filled aluminum honeycombs subject to quasi-static and dynamic compression,” Compos Struct, vol. 239, p. 112025, May 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.COMPSTRUCT.2020.112025

Y. M. Wang, Y. B. Shao, C. Chen, and U. Katwal, “Prediction of flexural and shear yielding strength of short span I-girders with concrete-filled tubular flanges and corrugated web - II: Numerical simulation and theoretical analysis,” Thin-Walled Structures, vol. 148, p. 106593, Mar. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TWS.2019.106593

P. Dhanabal, P. N. Reddy, and K. S. Sushmitha, “Analytical and Experimental Study on Flexural Behavior of Beam-column Joint with Addition of Polypropylene Fibers,” Journal of Modern Materials, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 26–35, Jun. 2022. https://doi.org/10.21467/jmm.9.1.26-35

IS: 12269, “Ordinary Portland Cement, 53 Grade — Specification,” Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), New Delhi, India, 2013. https://ia800200.us.archive.org/32/items/gov.in.is.12269.2013/is.12269.2013.pdf (accessed Dec. 15, 2022).

IS: 2386-3, “Methods of Test for Aggregates for Concrete, Part 3: Specific gravity, density, voids, absorption and bulking,” Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), New Delhi, India, 1963. https://www.iitk.ac.in/ce/test/IS-codes/is.2386.3.1963.pdf (accessed Dec. 15, 2022).




How to Cite

P. Dhanabal, P. N. Reddy, and K. S. Sushmitha, “Experimental Investigation on Behaviour of Folded Plate”, J. Mod. Mater., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11–18, Mar. 2023.