Journal of Modern Materials <p align="justify"><a title="Click for Journal homepage" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img style="float: right; padding-left: 15px; padding-right: 5px;" src="" alt="JMM" /></a> Journal of Modern Materials aims to enhance the international exchange of scientific research activities related to all aspects of Material Science. It is an open access, peer-reviewed, materials research journal publishing quality research papers by AIJR Publisher.<br />Journal of modern materials is registered with CrossRef with doi: 10.21467/jmm and ISSN of this journal is 2456-4834 [online].</p> AIJR Publisher en-US Journal of Modern Materials 2456-4834 <div id="copyrightNotice">Author(s) retains full copyright of their article and grants non-exclusive publishing right to <strong>Journal of Modern Materials</strong> and its publisher "<a title="AIJR Publisher homepage" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">AIJR</a> (India)". Author(s) can archive pre-print, post-print, and published version/PDF to any open access, institutional repository, social media, or personal website provided that Published source must be acknowledged with citation and link to publisher version.<br />Click <a title="Copyright Policy" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a> for more information on Copyright policy<br />Click <a title="Licensing Policy" href="">here</a> for more information on Licensing policy</div> The Influence of Preparation Parameters on Structural and Optical Properties of N-Type Porous Silicon <p>In this paper, we describe the formation of macroporous silicon (MPS) formed anodically polarized on n type Si (100) substrates at a constant current density under front side illumination using two electrolytes, HF/Ethanol and HF/Ethanol/H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>. The effect of adding H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> in the solution on the resulting pores were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), contact angle measurements and UV-vis spectrophotometry. The results showed that for the anodization conditions the MPS formed in peroxide based (H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>)/HF/Ethanol solution exhibited structures with larger pore size and different pore morphologies depending on the etching time than those formed in HF/Ethanol. The pore density and the pore size of the MPS samples increased with the etching time. The infrared absorption spectrum (FTIR) carried out on the freshly prepared sample indicates that the MPS contains Si-H<sub>x</sub> bonds which decrease with increasing the etching time. Finally, measurements of contact angle indicate that the formed MPS samples are highly hydrophobic.</p> Kawther M'hammedi Noueddine Gabouze Copyright (c) 2023 Kawther M'hammedi, Noueddine Gabouze (Author) 2023-03-05 2023-03-05 10 1 3 10 10.21467/jmm.10.1.3-10 Experimental Investigation on Behaviour of Folded Plate <p>Persistence of research was towards the behaviour of folded plate. In this project, we used GGBS blended ferrocement concrete to cover a folded plate 600 mm x 1800 mm x 150 mm. Ferro cement is a building material that is emerging as an alternative for traditional RCC. According to prior research, folded plates are the most cost-effective and visually acceptable option for longer span roofs. First, we built the folded plate model in ANSYS and investigated its behaviour in terms of load versus deflection. Later, for experimental purposes, we cast a folded plate coated with GGBS mixed ferrocement concrete. The results of the experimental inquiry demonstrate that there was an improvement in flexural behaviour when compared to the traditional model. The same was verified using ANSYS findings. ANSYS analysis aids in comparing and summarising experimental data. Both the analytical and experimental inquiry results show that ferro cement structures are a good alternative to RCC since they are less costly and lighter. Because folded plates retain their effectiveness for a longer length of time when Ferro cement is utilised. Ferro cement has made the components smaller to support the load because ferro cement parts are high in stress when reinforcement is spread.</p> P Dhanabal P Narendra Reddy K S Sushmitha Copyright (c) 2023 P Dhanabal, P Narendra Reddy, K S Sushmitha (Author) 2023-03-06 2023-03-06 10 1 11 18 10.21467/jmm.10.1.11-18 Physicochemical and Performance Assessment of Clay Based Refractory Bricks for Incinerator Application <p>Refractories bricks’ excellent thermomechanical and chemical resistant features makes it invaluable materials in modular incinerator ˃ 1000 °C applications. In this research, suitable physicochemical and performance evaluation were employed using X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF), dimensional property assessment, linear shrinkage and water absorption analysis. The samples were sourced from Auchi (ARB1), Afowa (ARB2), Ayogwiri (ARB3), Aviele (ARB4) and Agbede (ARB5) clay minerals deposit in Edo North, Edo State, Nigeria. Then green compact samples were fired into dense phase. The result from the XRF study revealed a generally established composition of ARB1 clay mineral of SiO<sub>2</sub>: 44.34%, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>: 36.36% and others. ARB2 clay mineral of SiO<sub>2</sub>: 41.78%, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>: 39.62% and others. ARB3 clay mineral of SiO<sub>2</sub>: 45.04%, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>: 34.01% and others. ARB4 clay mineral of SiO<sub>2</sub>: 40.12%, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>: 38.96% and others. ARB5 clay mineral of SiO<sub>2</sub>: 47.03%, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>: 34.52% and others. The elemental composition of ARB1-5 revealed a similar trend of alumina and silica content to high-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> bricks (SiO<sub>2</sub>: 45.0 – 56.0%, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>: 39.0 – 48.0% and others) and commercial clay bricks (SiO<sub>2</sub>: 48.0%, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>: 36.96% and others) respectively. An average lower percentage error ERL, ERW, and ERH of ARB1 samples 0.148, 0.248 and 0.28% were recorded respectively. The average linear shrinkage and water absorption analysis of 9.91 and 4.71% demonstrated a potential for high elasticity of modulus. The overall data from this research shows that ARB1-5 bricks can find use in incinerator and high temperature applications.</p> Ezekiel Iliya Amoko Oluwole Copyright (c) 2023 Ezekiel Iliya, Amoko Oluwole (Author) 2023-03-06 2023-03-06 10 1 19 28 10.21467/jmm.10.1.19-28