Effect of Concentration Variation on Optical and Structural Properties of TiO2 Thin Films


  • Sabastine Chinedu Ezike Department of Physics, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State




Concentrations in weight percent (5- 25 wt %) of TiO2 films used to optimize the film formation. The TiO2 films on glass substrates successfully obtained by spin-coating process using TiO2 nanopowder as precursor. Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-Vis), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) equipped with Electron Diffraction X-ray (EDX) and X-ray Diffractometer (XRD) techniques used to characterize the films. The result of electron transport material (TiO2) showed that film prepared from 15 wt % of TiO2 solution and annealed at 450  has highest transmittance at visible light region with indirect optical band gap of 3.24 eV which corresponds to wavelength of 382 nm whereas 20 wt % has indirect band gap of 2.99 nm equivalent to 414.7 nm . The chemical analysis from Electron Diffraction Spectroscopy (EDS) of the material shows titanium and oxygen present at L and K-shells, respectively. The sample crystallized with preferred orientation at (101) from XRD analysis.


TiO2, Thin Film, Electron Transport Material, Spin coating, concentration variation


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Research Article

How to Cite

S. C. Ezike, “Effect of Concentration Variation on Optical and Structural Properties of TiO2 Thin Films”, J. Mod. Mater., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–6, Mar. 2020.