Maximum Entropy Closure Relation for Higher Order Alignment and Orientation Tensors Compared to Quadratic and Hybrid Closure
A closure relation expresses the fourth order orientation tensor as a function of the second order one. Two well-known closure relations, the hybrid closure and the maximum entropy closure, are compared in the case of a rotation symmetric orientation distribution function. The maximum entropy closure predicts a positive fourth order parameter in the whole range of the second order parameter, whereas the hybrid closure results in negative fourth order parameters for small values of the second order one. For the maximum entropy closure quadratic fit polynomials are presented. For a general distribution without rotation symmetry, the expression for the entropy is exploited to derive an explicit form for the maximum entropy distribution. Lowest order approximation of this distribution function leads to simple closure forms for the fourth order alignment tensor and also for higher order alignment tensors.
Keywords:Orientation Tensor, Maximum Entropy Closure, Hybrid Closure
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