Advanced Journal of Social Science https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss <p align="justify"><a title="Click for Journal homepage" href="https://doi.org/10.21467/ajss" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img style="float: right; padding-left: 15px; padding-right: 5px;" src="https://journals.aijr.in/public/site/images/aabahishti/AJSS_Cover_Page.jpg" alt="AJSS" /></a>Advanced Journal of Social Science (AJSS) [ISSN: 2581-3358] is an online-only, open access, refereed journal in the field of sociology published by AIJR Publisher. This Social Science journal will publish free articles for the manuscript submitted in the year 2018. <strong>Research articles suitable for this sociology journal includes the field of humanities, education, economics, political science, human geography, demography, psychology, sociology, history, and management, etc.</strong></p> en-US <div id="copyrightNotice"> <p>Author(s) retains full copyright of their article and grants non-exclusive publishing right to <strong>Advanced Journal of Social Science</strong> and its publisher <a title="AIJR Publisher homepage" href="https://aijr.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">AIJR</a> Publisher. Author(s) can archive pre-print, post-print, and published version/PDF to any open access, institutional repository, social media, or personal website provided that Published source must be acknowledged with citation and link to publisher version.<br />Click <a title="Copyright Policy" href="https://aijr.org/about/policies/copyright/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a> for more information on Copyright policy<br />Click <a title="Licensing Policy" href="https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/jmm/about#licensing" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a> for more information on Licensing policy</p> </div> ajss@aijr.org (Adv. Journal of Social Science) amir@aijr.org (Amir Abdullah) Thu, 17 Feb 2022 15:28:47 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.8 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Optimizing the Internet Despite Threat to IP https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4193 <p>It has been argued that the file-sharing dimension of the internet undermines the intellectual property rights of creative producers. By simply clicking a button, creative works such as music, films, books and fashion designs can be accessed, used and distributed free-of-charge via digital media platforms. This has led to what some writers termed <em>copyfights</em> between those that support the unrestricted sharing of creative works over the internet, and those who support the protection of the copyright of creative producers on the internet. This problem continues to dog creative producers in the knowledge economy. This article examines how this problem has affected fashion designers as creative producers, and how they have managed it. It argues that fashion designers have effectively leveraged and optimized the file-sharing dimension of the internet, and concludes that the internet is a strategic imperative for fashion designers and perhaps for every creative worker in the digital era.</p> Kelechi Chijioke Samuel Copyright (c) 2022 Kelechi Chijioke Samuel http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4193 Thu, 17 Feb 2022 00:00:00 +0000 COVID-19 School Closures in Uganda and their Impact on the Well-being of Teachers in Private Institutions in Semi-urban Districts https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4573 <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This article explored how teachers were supported for continued professional growth and on their general well-being before and after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Experiences of teachers of private schools in Semi-Urban districts during COVID-19 Wave 1&amp;2 lockdown in Uganda are explored. It assess professional growth aspects and their well-being before and during closure of education institutions. The study illustrates challenges experienced by the teachers as well as coping strategies adopted.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>In-depth individual interviews, and key informant interviews were employed. At the time of reaching saturation, one hundred and three private secondary school teachers had been interviewed; eight key informants that were head teachers of selected private schools. Data was analyzed using the Conservation of Resources (COR) theory.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Teachers’ professional growth is in limbo after suffocation during the COVID-19 given longtime school closures with inability of private schools to earn from their clientele. The well-being of teachers is wanting. Many teachers ought not return to teaching and are engaged in various trades for a living.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Teachers of private academic institutions contribute to government’s effort in providing quality education. Exploring their experiences during emergencies such as the current COVID-19 pandemic informs stakeholders in education on how to deal with their professional growth and general well-being.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Teachers of private academic institutions contribute to government’s effort in providing quality education. Exploring their experiences during emergencies such as the current COVID-19 pandemic informs stakeholders in education on how to deal with their professional growth and general well-being.</p> Rosemary Nakijoba, Racheal Mugabi Ddungu, Ayodeji O Awobamise Copyright (c) 2022 Rosemary Nakijoba, Racheal Mugabi Ddungu, Ayodeji O Awobamise http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4573 Thu, 24 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Global Education in STEM and Healthcare: Implications of COVID-19 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4731 <p>The Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic in March of 2020. Since then, most schools, colleges, and universities across the globe stopped delivering classes face-to-face and transitioned into virtual modalities of instruction. This reformation of academics has had an impact on every field of study, especially those students in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), and in the realm of healthcare education. Ranging from middle/high school to undergraduate and graduate programs, STEM degrees require intensive curricula integrating extensive lectures on theoretical topics and laboratory exercises to apply those concepts in a practical setting. Likewise, healthcare education involves hands-on, clinical lab components working on patients, guided by supervisors. The guidelines developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States recommended refraining from these physical learning environments since social distancing has been an important preventative measure against the contagion. As in-person classes, labs, and residencies across the world were disrupted, students, faculty, staff, and administrators of STEM and healthcare fields had to face and navigate multifarious challenges to continue the education effectively, while maintaining safety. This review encapsulates such effects of the pandemic on STEM and healthcare education in various countries. The analysis aims to provide an insight into the strategies of distance education and alternative pedagogies for these disciplines adopted by institutions globally in the light of COVID-19, which could potentially serve as a reference model during any future pandemics.</p> Jessica Hallett, Santanu De Copyright (c) 2022 Jessica Hallett, Santanu De http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4731 Mon, 21 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Critical Analysis of the Performance of Local Governments in Zimbabwe under the COVID-19 Pandemic https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4711 <p>This paper examines the responses of urban local authorities in Zimbabwe to the COVID-19 pandemic because in the midst of a pandemic, local authorities are rightly positioned to minimise human cost, provide relief to communities and supply day to day service delivery. Specifically this study sought to undertake a critical analysis of the performance of local governments in Zimbabwe under the COVID-19 pandemic. The article reviews available literature and examples are drawn from three urban areas in Zimbabwe. The article notes that COVID-19 exacerbated a crisis that was already playing out in Zimbabwe and reveals that the local authorities were ill-prepared and ill-equipped to handle the pandemic and cannot handle a crisis, endemic or any catastrophic disaster. The paper further delves to looks at the lacklustre performance of urban local authorities and a major finding is that the central government policies have had a huge impact on the decline and free fall of urban local authorities’ service delivery. The key findings may be used to inform ongoing policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic and improve future resilience.</p> Anesu Mironga, Maxwell Mironga Copyright (c) 2022 Anesu Mironga, Maxwell Mironga http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4711 Fri, 06 May 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PTSD Prevalence Rates of US Funeral Directors during the COVID-19 Pandemic https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4685 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has created physical and mental health concerns for funeral directors. Past literature notes that high job demands, occupational death exposure, and heightened numbers of funerals have negative impacts on the mental health of funeral workers. Additionally, previous studies have found prevalence rates of PTSD to be more than three times higher in funeral directors than the general population. The present study sought to evaluate PTSD rates of funeral directors in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic given the increased job demands, high rates of burnout, and heightened death exposure they have faced. A convenience sample was used, and 10 participants completed an online survey containing the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) and questions regarding awareness of mental health resources. Findings indicate that 50% of participants met criteria for a provisional PTSD diagnosis (<em>n</em> = 5), and 30% of participants had little to no awareness of mental health resources for funeral directors (<em>n</em> = 3). The results highlight the need for increased research and awareness regarding the mental health of funeral directors, particularly during times of increased stress, and the need for mental health services for funeral workers.</p> Emily Hicks, Genna Mashinchi, Hannes Heppner, Phoebe Bean, Chelsey Maxson Copyright (c) 2022 Emily Hicks, Genna Mashinchi, Hannes Heppner, Phoebe Bean, Chelsey Maxson http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4685 Thu, 24 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Medical Waste Management Practices at Healthcare Facilities in Cape Coast Metropolis https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4997 <p><strong>Objectives:</strong> This study examined the level of knowledge of health hazards associated with medical waste management, among healthcare workers and management staff of healthcare facilities in the Cape Coast Metropolis.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Three hundred and twenty (320) healthcare workers were surveyed from two public hospitals in the Metropolis and 7 management staff were purposefully selected and interviewed. The participants include nurses, orderlies, administrators, and environmental health officers. Frequency, percentages and linear regression analyses were performed on the data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that 95.9% (n = 307) of health professionals recorded good knowledge about management of medical waste in their facilities. However, arrangement for managing medical waste was inadequate at the facilities (Mean = 1.47, SD = 0.221, CV = 15.03%). The finding revealed that compliance with occupational health and safety guidelines was high (Mean=3.99, SD=0.39, CV=9.82%). Moreover, regression analysis indicated that training is a strong predictor of medical waste practices (0.357) even though educational level, working experiences, and age of the workers were also predictors (-0.356; -0.103; 0.010).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Level of knowledge of hospital workers on medical waste health hazards is high, but arrangements for managing such waste are inadequate or weak. Compliance to Ministry of Health’s occupational health and safety guidelines is high. Meanwhile, training of healthcare workers would increase their medical waste management practices. A well-structured training with appropriate storage facility and good supervision at the point of waste generation should be prioritized to assist workers to practice safer and proper waste segregation.</p> Nana Kusi Agyekum, Edward Wilson Ansah Copyright (c) 2022 Nana Kusi Agyekum, Edward Wilson Ansah http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4997 Mon, 18 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Asymmetric Decentralization https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4437 <p>Indonesia has passed through long hard times to stand as an independent country. The past struggles to break from colonialism out were in concordance with Indonesia's efforts to maintain and secure its territorial sovereignty. Upheavals, threats and even rebellions to leave the Republic have often arisen in various regions even since the beginning of Indonesia's independence. One of which has occurred in the Province of Aceh. The considered injustice in the distribution of benefits from natural resources has led to conflict in Aceh. To deal with this issue, through the enactment of the Law No. 11 of 2006, the central government aims to confirm the special autonomy for Aceh to induce peace as well as security and achieve social justice within the region. Besides to improve education, quality of life, health, infrastructure, accelerate economic development through the special autonomy fund allocation. How the special autonomy has been implemented hitherto and how it contributes to improve Acehnese welfare is considered critical as well as interesting to analyze. The term ‘welfare’ is analyzed based on four aspects of analysis namely: (1) poverty and (2) unemployment alleviation, (3) Human Development Index (HDI), and (4) Gini Ratio. The study adopted a qualitative exploratory research design by which data were derived from analysis of secondary sources through literature review. The results show that Aceh is considerably dependent on the special autonomy fund. There are also seven priority sectors set by the government, namely: infrastructure, economic empowerment, poverty alleviation, education, social, health, and Aceh privileges. Furthermore, Aceh's special autonomy fund in general has had a positive impact on the welfare of the Acehnese society besides the Gini Ratio that is still high.</p> I Gede Wira Adhi Darmawan Copyright (c) 2022 I Gede Wira Adhi Darmawan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://journals.aijr.org/index.php/ajss/article/view/4437 Mon, 21 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000