Advanced Journal of Graduate Research 2022-04-04T10:59:45+00:00 Adv. J. Grad. Research Open Journal Systems <p align="justify"><a title="Click for Journal homepage" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img style="float: right; padding-left: 15px; padding-right: 5px;" src="" alt="AJGR" /></a>Advanced Journal of Graduate Research is a multidisciplinary, international journal featuring the work of graduate students and young researchers. This journal seeks to disseminate the work of emerging students who focus on scientific/technical content, regardless of their academic discipline. <em>Adv. J. Grad. Res.</em> publishes research carried out by graduate students and young researchers (Bachelor's degree students and Master's degree students) that sound scientifically and technically valid. This journal will serve as a global platform to broadcast new research initiatives being carried out by today's brightest youths as part of their graduate project.<br />Advanced Journal of Graduate Research is published by AIJR publisher (India) and registered with CrossRef with doi: 10.21467/ajgr and ISSN of this journal is 2456-7108 [online].</p> Worldwide Consequences of COVID-19 on Research in STEM 2021-12-21T00:57:20+00:00 Michelle Hoang Santanu De <p class="Abstract"><span lang="EN-US">A global public health emergency like the Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic requires accurate and timely data collection in the research community. High-impact research in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has been prioritized in the fight against COVID-19. The present study analyzed the consequences of COVID-19 on STEM research and the collaboration between research institutions and industries worldwide. It was noted that COVID-19 had caused significant delays in non-COVID-19-related research projects and the onset of several remote studies. Most importantly, researchers in the STEM fields directed their attention and expertise to help mitigate virus transmission, treat patients, and implement appropriate public health interventions. Innovations are being integrated in several fields of technological and engineering research to provide optimal patient care and enhance physical distancing measures. Global research platforms are also designed to encourage accelerated research, especially in potential medicinal treatment. Collaboration amongst different disciplines and countries has enabled remarkable progress in the dissemination of scientific knowledge and appropriate responses to address the multifaceted effects of this pandemic on global research in STEM. </span></p> 2022-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Michelle Hoang, Santanu De Effectiveness of Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Extracts as an Inhibitor Against Aspergillosis 2021-11-06T12:33:21+00:00 Ayobamidele Olugbenga Naji Gimba Usman Olukotun Gbadebo Barnabas <p>The study of the Effectiveness of Coconut (<em>Cocos nucifera</em>) Extract Against Aspergilosis revealed that, the testing of some brown coconut extracts, coconut water, positive control and negative control on <em>Aspergillus </em>sp fungi showed clear zone formed around the agar well, ethanolic extract showed 26.00 mm, 25.33 mm and 20.00 mm, for <em>Aspergillus fumigatus, Aspergillus flavus </em>and <em>Aspergillus brasiliensis </em>respectively, donystatin antifungal drug was 22.67 mm, 17.67 mm and 20.83 mm for <em>Aspergillus brasiliensis, Aspergillus fumigatus</em> and <em>Aspergillus flavus </em>respectively, methanolic, aqueous, coconut water and distilled water showed no zone of inhibition. The ethanolic extract of brown coconut inhibited the growth/expansion of <em>Aspergillus </em>sp. The best inhibitor was acquired from the administration of ethanolic extract with an average diameter of 26.00 mm diameter of the inhibition zone. The nutritional and health implication of coconut fruit consumption should be encouraged because of its’ potency which can form the basis to exploit <em>Cocos nucifera </em>for therapeutic benefits. </p> 2022-05-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Olugbenga Jedidiah Ayobamidele; Usman Naji Gimba , Barnabas Olukotun Gbadebo Association of Intrinsic Factors with Non-contact Injury Prevalence of Front Foot Knee Pain Among First Class Fast Bowlers in Colombo Division 2022-04-04T10:59:37+00:00 Sameera Senanayake Charith Kandambi Seedevi Gamage Kaushalya Hettiarachchige Nisansala <p><strong>Background: </strong>Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Sri Lanka. Both intrinsic and extrinsic injury prevention and increase performance are of cardinal importance to a fast bowler to reach optimal performance. Intrinsic prevention methods may protect the fast bowler against too high level of stress experienced during bowling. In this study we aimed to assess the incidence of front foot knee pain and the associated intrinsic risk factors among first class cricket fast bowlers, to come up with recommendations to improve training regimes to prevent non-contact injury.</p> <p><strong>Method: </strong>Descriptive Cross-Sectional study was conducted with 30 fast bowlers with front foot knee pain. Severity of knee pain was measured by using knee evaluation form. Q angle, Hip internal rotation were measured using a modified goniometer. Quadricep and hamstring muscle strength were measured by cuff adapted sphygmomanometer. Ankle dorsiflexion was measured by Lunge Test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> An insignificant, positive correlation in Ankle dorsiflexion (p=0.780, r=0.053), hip internal rotation (p=0.194, r=0.244), and quadriceps hamstring muscle strength ratio (p=0.952, r=0.012) of the fast bowlers with front foot knee pain was observed. Also, there was an insignificant negative correlation between quadriceps angle (p=0.827, r=-0.042) and front foot knee pain.</p> 2022-03-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sameera Senanayake, Charith Kandambi , Seedevi Gamage Kaushalya, Hettiarachchige Nisansala Morphometric and Heavy Metals Accumulation in the Muscles of Five Demersal Seafoods Sampled in Nigerian Coastal Waters 2022-04-04T10:59:41+00:00 Oluwafemi Paul Fajana Akintade Adeboyejo <p>This study examined the morphometric and heavy metals accumulated in the muscles of five demersal sea-foods: <em>Parapenaeopsis atlantica, Penaeus monodon, Penaeus notialis</em>, <em>Portunus validus</em> and <em>Cynoglossus browni </em>from Nigerian coastal waters. 506 deep frozen samples (at -20<sup>0</sup>C) each of the five demersal species were taken upon arrival from thirty-one (31) industrial fishing trawler vessels owned by a private fishing company in Lagos, Nigeria. Samples were thawed and morphometric characteristics such as weight, total length, standard length, body depth and carapace length/head length were measured. The heavy metals [Lead (Pb), Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Arsenic (As), Mercury (Hg) and Cadmium (Cd)] were analyzed using 210 Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The morphometric characteristics revealed that <em>P. atlantica</em> and <em>P. notialis</em> showed no significant difference in mean values only for their carapace lengths while both species showed statistically different observations for other variables. The order of the heavy metals mean concentration was Zn&gt;Fe&gt;Pb. As and Cd had relatively very low values of &lt;0.01mg/kg while Hg was not detected in all samples. The findings of this study revealed high and increasing values of Zinc in all five demersal species under consideration exceeding maximum limits for FAO/WHO and NIS (Nigerian Industrial Standard). The zinc value of the species appears to be contained in this order; <em>P. notialis</em> &gt; <em>C. browni</em> &gt; <em>P. monodon</em> &gt; <em>P. validus &gt;P. atlantica</em>. However, Iron value for <em>P. atlantica</em> is above the limit of FAO/WHO. Consumption of the species invariably leads to a rise in the Zinc contents in diets and in humans which may cause gastrointestinal disorders, kidney and liver abnormal functioning especially in infants and children while other heavy metals contained in the species do not pose a threat to human health.</p> 2022-03-23T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Oluwafemi Paul Fajana, Akintade Adeboyejo Awareness of Mobile Phone Radiation and Its Potential Health Hazards Among Students and Working-class Population During the COVID-19 Pandemic 2022-04-04T10:59:45+00:00 Joshua Paul Anandi Shivaram Panchami P Bhumika Patel Devi Jaikrishnan Wilner Martinez-Lopez Radha Saraswathy <p>COVID-19 pandemic has caused an increased dependence on mobile phones by students and working professionals. Mobile phones are indispensable gadgets with a wide range of applications. However, there are potential risks associated with its usage in terms of radiofrequency radiation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge of radiation and its biological adverse effects caused due to the usage of mobile phones among students and working professionals. An online awareness survey was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic among 351 participants using Google forms. The questionnaire was disseminated to the WhatsApp groups of students and working professionals and the data was statistically analysed. Among the 351 subjects, 72% of the respondents used their mobile phones for more than 4 hours per day. However, less than 20% were fully aware of mobile phone radiation being listed in the possible carcinogen list by the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition, only half of the respondents considered the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) value and information on radiation emission while purchasing a new phone. To conclude, the need for awareness of potential hazards associated with the mobile phone radiation seems crucial, especially during this time when everyone in the world and especially school and college students are highly dependent on mobile phones.</p> 2022-03-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Joshua Paul, Anandi Shivram, Panchami P, Bhumika Patel, Devi Jaikrishnan, Wilner Martinez-Lopez, Radha Saraswathy